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2015年12月英语四级听力真题 第2套

Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will bea pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C. and D), and decide which is the best answer.Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet I with a single line through the centre.

1. A. The agenda for the board of directors' meeting.

B. The details of the meeting to be held next week.

C. The reason for the man's absence from the meeting.

D. The time for the man's visit to the woman's company.

2.A. At a travel agency.

B. At a department store.

C. In a library.

D. In a post office.

3.A. He cannot hear the woman's call.

B. He cannot get through to New York.

C. He cannot recall the phone number.

D. He cannot find a public phone nearby.

4.A. Watch a movie with the woman.

B. Revise his thesis in the office.

C. Do some shopping with Jane.

D. Discuss his thesis with Prof. Hudson.

5. A. He just cannot work properly without a watch.

B. He has no idea where he can buy a gold watch.

C. He still does not know where he left his watch.

D. He is not sure what went wrong with his watch.

6.A. He forgot all about what he said.

B. He slipped and hurt his head.

C. He was sorry for being off sick last week.

D. He thought the woman's car had been sold.

7.A. She should try to catch an earlier bus.

B. She is absent from his class too often.

C. She is always making excuses for being late.

D. She should come up with a better excuse.

8.A. He is going to help the woman out.

B. He has to move out of the building soon.

C. He is on his way to see a real estate agent.

D. He will stay with the woman's brother.

Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9.A. From the wanted cohunn.

B. From some of her friends.

C. From a telephone directory.

D. From a television commercial.

10.A. She received full-time education abroad.

B. She graduated from an open university.

C. She fmished her secondary school.

D. She studied in a vocational college.

11.A. She is a shorthand-typist.

B. She works as a tour guide.

C. She is a policewoman.

D. She teaches an evening class.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12.A. It provides him with career opportunities.

B. It helps enlarge his customer network.

C. It has been off and on for ten years.

D. It was interrupted for four years.

13.A. Individualized service.

B. Traditional setting.

C. Home-made beer.

D. Social games.

14.A. The quality of beer.

B. The atmosphere.

C. The owner's attitude.

D. The right location.

15.A. It is a rather tough job.

B. It is a profitable business.

C. It helps old people kill time.

D. It makes retirees feel useful.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After youhear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A , B ,C. and D. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16.A. It is becoming increasingly popular.

B. It helps the user to escape reality.

C. It gives rise to serious social instability.

D. It hurts a person and those around them.

17.A. They use drugs just for fun.

B. They take drugs to get high.

C. They use drugs as medicine.

D. They keep drug use a secret.

18. A. It is quite common in entertainment circles.

B. It is the cause of various social problems.

C. It is hard to get rid of.

D. It is fatal to the user.

Passage Two

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19.A. Taking up exercises after recovery.

B. Producing tasty healthy frozen food.

C. Finding new ways to cure heart disease.

D. Going on a diet upon leaving the hospital.

20.A. Itwas carefully tested with consumers.

B. It was promoted by health organizations.

C. It was disapproved by many diet experts.

D. It was highly expected by the general public.

21.A. Competitive price.

B. Low expectations.

C. Vigorous promotion.

D. Unique ingredients.

22. A. It was suggested by the firm's vice-president.

B. It matches the food's dark green packaging.

C. It has a positive implication for consumers.

D. It tricks the elders into impulse purchasing.

Passage Three

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

23.A. It is practiced in most of the states.

B. It will be abolished sooner or later.

C. It has drawn a lot of criticism from overseas.

D. It has to be approved by the Supreme Court.

24. A. Whether the practice should be allowed to continue in future.

B. Whether there should be a minimum age limit for execution.

C. What type of criminals should receive it.

D. What effect it might have on youngsters.

25. A. The court sentenced him to life in prison for killing two friends.

B. The governor changed his death sentence to life in prison.

C. He was the first minor to be executed in South Carolina.

D. He was sentenced to death for a crime he committed as a minor.

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with, the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.Some people borrow money and "forget" to pay it back.

  Large loans are seldom the issue; they are usually treated as business(26), with the terms spelled out on paper. But many women suffer(27)over problems like Carol's "My friend Ginny is always28cash," she says. "I hate to recall how often I've ' loaned' her a dollar or two for a drink or a movie. Each loan is so small I'd feel really cheap making a big deal out of it; still, I do(29)the fact that she never pays me back. "Carol admits to being "too(30)or something" to demand repayment, but she has resolved tostop lending money to Ginny. "The last time she asked for five dollars to pay for her dry cleaning, I just told her I couldn't(31)it. "Another woman suggests a bolder(32). "When somebody refuses to repay a loan, I(33)byrequesting one myself," she says. "'I left home without my wallet,' I'll say. 'Can you lend meenough to cover lunch?' Then, when the money is safely in hand, I am struck by a sudden(34)Why, this is exactly the amount I loaned you last week ! How(35)! Now you won't have to repay me'" She says it works like a charm.

  参考答案

  1.D. 未听先知:四个选项均为描述事实状况的短语,结合选项中多次出现的meeting一词,以及details,next week和the man's visit等,可以推断,对话内容与男士的出访和会面有关,而且此次会面尚未达成。

  详解:女士询问男士什么时候方便到她所在的公司参观,男士说下个月几乎任何时间都行,可能接近周末的时间最好。由此可知,两人在谈论男士参观女士所在公司的时间,故答案为D.

  2.C.未听先知:四个选项均为表示场所的短语,可以推测本题考查地点,听对话时注意捕捉提示对话发生场所的关键词。详解:女士请男士帮助她寻找一本关于南美洲的书,男士反问女士具体想要哪方面的书籍,因为他们

  通过多种不同的方式对书籍进行归类。由此可知,对话发生在图书馆,故答案为C.

  3.B. 未听先知:四个选项均以he cannot开头,可以推断对话中男士一定是遇到了某种问题,结合选项中出现的call,get through,phone number和public phone等词,可以进一步确定男士遇到的问题与电话有关。

  详解:男士说他在尝试打电话到纽约,但一直没打通,询问女士能否帮助他,女士很爽快地答应,并让男士试试她的手机。由此可知,男士没办法打电话到纽约,故答案为B.

  4.D. 未听先知:四个选项均为表示行为的动词短语,可以推断本题考查的内容与行为动作有关。结合选项中出现的with the woman和his thesis等词,可以进一步判定本题考查的是男士的行为动作,因此男士的话为听音重点。

  详解:男士说他必须去哈德森教授的办公室讨论他的论文,如果时间允许的话,他希望回来后能和女士一起去看电影,而女士却说她不一定能赶得及,因为她现在要和简去购物。由此可知,男士首先要做的事情是与哈德森教授讨论他的论文,故答案为D.

  5.C. 未听先知:四个选项的主语均为he,结合选项中多次出现的watch可以推断本题考查内容与男士的手表相关,听录音时注意与手表相关的内容。

  详解:女士问男士为什么那么心烦和焦虑,男士说他整个上午一直在回忆,试图回想起来他把金表放到哪儿了,但一直都是徒劳。由此可知,男士仍然不知道他把金表放在哪儿了,故答案为C.

  6.A. 未听先知:四个选项的主语均为he,结合选项中出现的forgot,slipped and hurt,sorry和sold等词,可以初步推断与男士相关的事实并不是特别好的事实,因此听录音时要注意捕捉与男士相关的信息。

  详解:女士说她记得男士说过上周会给她打电话,与她讨论一下她要卖的那辆车,男士听到女士的话后,马上表示道歉,因为这件事completely slipped my mind,本题的关键在于理解短语slip one’s mind的含义,即“忘记”。也就是说,男士把这件事忘得一干二净,故答案为A.

  7.C. 未听先知:四个选项均以she开头,结合选项中出现的absent,class,excuses和being late等词,可以推断女士上课出勤情况不好,对话内容应该围绕女士上课出勤情况展开。

  详解:女士说她努力赶汽车,但没有赶上,所以上课才会迟到,男士却说又一个借口,并问她是不是连明天要说什么都准备好了。由此可知,男士认为女士总是在为她的迟到找借口,故答案为C.

  8.B. 未听先知:四个选项均以he开头,结合选项中出现的move out of,buildin9,real estate agent和stay with等词,可以推断对话内容与男士的住房情况有关。

  详解:男士说他住的那栋公寓楼月底前就要拆除了,他对此一筹莫展,女士告诉男士,她弟弟是房地产经纪人,应该能够为男士提供帮助。由此可知,男士必须在短期内搬离现在的住所,故答案为B.

  9.How did the woman get to know about the mall’s company?

  B. 详解:男士问女士是否曾通过他所在的机构找过工作,女士表示没有,但这家职业介绍所曾帮助她的朋友们找到过工作,由此推断,她是从朋友处得知这家职业介绍所的信息的,故答案为B.

  10.What formal education did the woman receive?

  C. 详解:对话中男士问女士曾在哪所学校上学,女士说她在South Town上的中学,然后又说,她l8岁之后就没有再接受过全日制教育,由此可知,女士所接受的最高程度的正规教育就是中学,故答案为C.

  11.What do we learn about the woinan’s occupation?

  A. 详解:对话中男士询问女士目前在哪里工作,女士回答说自己现在的工作是一名速记打字员,故答案为A.

  12.What does the man say about his involvement with pubs?

  C. 详解,对话中女士问男士他成为酒吧老板有多长时间了,男士回答说已经四年了,不过他从事与酒吧相关的工作断断续续已经有十年,故答案为C.

  13.What characterizes the old-fashioned pub.according to tlIe man?

  D. 详解:对话中男士说他现在的酒吧是那种人们普遍认为的传统酒吧,这种酒吧的特点就是会有很多社交活动,故答案为D。

  14.What does the man say is most important in making a good pub?

  C. 详解:当女士问男士怎样才能成为好酒吧时,男士说,首先要有合适的顾客,售卖合适的啤酒,并且酒要好,最重要的是,即使感觉很疲惫,也依然要保持良好的态度,这样才能让酒吧更成功,故答案为C.

  15.What does the woman think of running a country pub?

  A. 详解:对话结尾时,女士说,很多人都认为经营酒吧是一份很好的工作,每个人都说想在退休以后,开一家乡村酒吧,但女士却认为经营酒吧实际上是一份相当辛苦的工作。选项A)中的tough是原文中hard的同义转述,故答案为A.

  16.What does the speaker say about drug abuse?

  D. 详解:短文中提到,药物滥用是指合法或非法地使用药物,并对使用者本人或者与其亲近的人造成伤害,故答案为D.

  17.What does the speaker say about recreational drug users?

  B. 详解:短文中提到了不同类型的人使用药物的目的。其中提到,Recreational users take drugs to get high.即娱乐性毒品使用者吸毒是为了让自己兴奋,故答案为B.

  18.What does the speaker say about drug dependence?

  C.详解:短文最后一部分提到,虽然仅有很少几种药物会造成身体的依赖性,但若使用不当,几乎所有药物都会让人一直觉得他需要该药物,这时候已经晚了,因为他已经上瘾了。也就是说,药物依赖性很难根除,故答案为C.

  19.What did Charles Harper think of while he was in hospital?

  B. 详解:短文中提到,当查尔斯·哈柏因为心脏病发作而躺在医院康复时,他想象着一排健康美味的冷冻食品,故答案为B.

  20.What does the passage say about the Healthy Choice product line before it went to market?

  A. 详解:短文中提到,在真正投放到市场面向大众之前,Healthy Choice系列的食品经过了消费者的认真测试,故答案为A.

  21.What is said to contribute to ConAgra’s business success?

  B. 详解:短文中提到,ConAgra公司负责市场营销的副总裁认为,他们从低期待值中受益,产品比人们想象的更出色,故答案为B.

  22.What does the speaker say about the naule Healthy Choice?

  C. 详解:短文中提到,选择使用Healthy Choice这个商品名称,是因为它能给消费者以正面暗示,故答案为C.

  23.What does the speaker say about the death penalty in the United States?

  A. 详解:短文开头明确指出,在美国,目前有36个州允许对严重罪行执行死刑,比如谋杀。也就是说,美国大部分地区有死刑的存在,故答案为A.

  24.Whatisthe focus of tlle debate around the death penalty?

  B. 详解:短文提到,目前关于死刑存在一个重大问题:是否应该对被执行死刑的罪犯设置一个最低年龄限制,故答案为B.

  25.What does the speaker say about James Terry Roach?

  D. 详解:短文最后提到,1977年,詹姆斯·特里·罗奇当时l7岁,与两个朋友一起残忍地杀害了三个人,因此被判死刑。虽然他的律师提起上诉,但该州州长拒绝撤销死刑,最终他于l986年被执行死刑。由此可知,虽然罗奇在犯罪时仍是未成年人,但依然被执行了死刑。故答案为D.

  26.transactions。详解:本句主语they为复数,因此空格处应该填入名词复数形式,作介词as的宾语。空格所在句分号前提到,大笔借款通常不是问题,而空格所在部分后半句中说条款都已经被白纸黑字地记录下来。由此可见,大笔借款被看作商业 交易。结合录音填人transactions,意为“交易,业务”。

  27.in silence。详解:本句主干结构完整,此处应该填人副词或副词短语,充当状语,修饰动词suffer。由该句之后卡萝尔对自己遭遇的描述可以看出,她的朋友金尼经常向她借钱,但从来没有还过,虽然数目不大,而卡萝尔也觉得不好意思,没有要求她还钱,也就是说,她对朋友的行为是默默地忍受:结合录音填入in silence,意为“默默地”。

  28.short of。详解:此处填入的词或词组应该能够连接系动词is和空格后的名词cash,描述主语金尼与金钱之间的关系。空格所在句后一句中说,金尼经常向卡萝尔借上一两美元买饮料或者电影票,也就是说,金尼比较缺钱。结合录音填入short of,意为“缺少,缺乏”。

  29.resent。详解:此处应该填入动词,作句子的谓语。空格所在句及其前两句都是在描述卡萝尔的朋友向她借钱不还,说明卡萝尔对朋友这样的行为表示反感。结合录音填人resent,意为“愤恨,怨恨,憎恶”。

  30.embarrassed。详解:此处位于副词t00之后,应该填入形容词。由于朋友只是借上一两美元,如果要求还钱,让人感觉有点小题大做。因此,卡萝尔感觉不好意思让朋友还钱。结合录音填入embarrassed,意为“困窘的,尴尬的”。

  31.spare。详解:空格前是情态动词的否定形式couldn't,因此,此处应该填入动词原形,与couldn’t起作从句的谓语。由于朋友总是借钱不还,而卡萝尔又不好意思向朋友要求还钱,时间长了,卡萝尔决定不再借钱给朋友,再结合本句句首的the last time可以判断,从这一次起,卡萝尔拒绝借钱给朋友。因此,她告诉朋友她没钱可借。结合录音填入spare,意为“提供(时间、钱等);匀出,分出”。

  32.response。详解:此处应该填入名词单数形式,与不定冠词a搭配,作句子的宾语。卡萝尔拒绝再借钱给朋友的方式是说她没钱可借,而另外一位女士的建议更为大胆,本句后面就给出了那位女士在朋友借钱时的反应。结合录音填人response,意为“反应,回答”。

  33.turn the tables。详解:此处应该填入动词或动词短语,充当句子的谓语。这位女士的回答更为大胆,当有人借钱不还时,她不是被动忍受,而是扭转局面,主动出击,向朋友提出要求。结合录音填入turn the tables,意为“扭转局面,转败为胜”。

  34.reization。详解:空格位于不定冠词a和形容词sudden之后,因此应该填入单数名词,作介词by的宾语。当把钱拿到手后,这位女士才表现出突然想起来的样子,说这和你上次借我的一样多呢!结合录音填人realization,意为“意识,领悟”。

  35.convenient。详解:此处应该填入形容词或副词,与how一起构成感叹句。女士假装刚刚反应过来,并告诉对方,她这次借的和对方欠她的一样多,这样省得对方再还钱了,还真是省事呢!结合录音填入

convenient,意为“方便的,便利的”。
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